Уральский институт экономики, управления и права

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Do you know that

  • In medieval Europe, public libraries had books chained to shelves. The chains were long enough to take a book from the shelf and read it but not to take it from the library. They used that practice up to the 18th century, because every book was very valuable.
  • Pharaoh Ptolemy III, a founder of the Library of Alexandria, decided to enlarge its collection with Greek books, but as he did not manage to get them, he decided to make copies. For that purpose, he requested permission from Athens, Ancient Greece, to borrow rare scripts and copy them. He paid gold coins for every book (1 book – 15 coins) as guarantee. However, his love for ancient manuscripts was so great that Ptolemy III sacrificed gold coins and kept the original scripts for the Library of Alexandria, sending copies to the Athenians. Greeks failed to return their scripts. It was the first attempt to collect all Greek literature.
  • Alexandria had a peculiar law according to which all visitors to the city, came by ship, were required to surrender all scripts to the library for their copying. Almost for the first time in history, Middle Eastern literature was collected in Library of Alexandria.
  • Louis XIV required making a library of classical Greek and Roman literature for his son’s education. The books should have no obscenities but annotations of difficult parts. The collection of 64 volumes was finished in 28 years by the time when the son had his own children.
  • By the middle of 17th century, central government offices, called Prikazy (Russian, pl: приказы), were established in Russia. According to the state order in the library sphere, special departmental libraries were established under Prikazy. One of the greatest libraries was a library of Prikaz of Book-Printing Affairs (Typographical Library), established at the beginning of 17th century. According to the library inventory, in 1649 there were 148 books and manuscripts, in 1679 - 637 books and manuscripts in Russian and foreign languages.
  • The oldest Old Slavonic manuscript book Kiev Glagolitic Leaves was written about 1000 years ago. The oldest Russian manuscript book The Ostromir Gospels was written in the middle of XI century. More than 900 years ago, book master and scribe Grigory rewrote the Gospels for Novgorod posadnik Ostromir. Now the book is in State Public Library named after M.E. Saltykov-Schedrin, St.-Petersburg.
  • The first Russian dated printed book was Apostol – church book published in Moscow in 1564 (under Ivan the Terrible) by the first printer Ivan Fyodorov (about 1510-1583) with the assistance of his pupil Petr Mstislavets. Printing of the first Russian book started in Moscow, at State Printing House on ul. Nikolskaya (now ul. October 25) on April 19, 1563 and finished on March 1, 1564. This date is considered to be the beginning of Russian book printing. The book had 268 pages the size of which was 21 by 14 cm. Two thousand copies were published. Today 61 copies are found.
  • You can borrow books in eight metro stations of Madrid. Librarian shows you a book catalogue on a computer or gives you its copy. As soon as a client has chosen a book among 500 books, a librarian searches it in a container lit by neon light and gives it to the client through the window. You can keep a book for free during 15 days.
  • Two books of classic Russian literature, War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy and Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, are in the list of books that British people can’t read up to the end.
  • So-called “Living Libraries” are becoming more and more popular in Britain. Readers can borrow not only books but also… a real companion. An interesting companion can not only satisfy a thirst for communication of big city residents but also give information in different spheres of knowledge and various aspects of life.
  • In England, a phone booth was converted into the world's smallest library. This was a reaction of people from Westbury-sub-Mendip village in Britain on disappearance of famous but useless red phone booths. According to Earth Times online newspaper, they bought one booth from British Telecom for $1.65 and made the world’s smallest library of it.
  • The Scandinavian furniture giant IKEA installed 30 bookcases on the sands of famous Sydney beach Bondi for the 30-anniversary of popular Billy bookcases. Though this action was held during only one weekend day, many visitors of the beach could not only read various books from the shelves but also to change their own books with other visitors and to contribute to Australian Literacy Foundation
Last Updated on Monday, 15 December 2014 00:24  

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